What is Wicca?
Wicca is the most commonly known Pagan religion. Usually the religion is called “Wicca” and most Wiccans practice spells and that practice is called “witchcraft.” It’s basically good witchcraft. Wiccans have a law called the “Wiccan Rede.” The short version pretty much says “Do as you will, but harm none.” They also believe that anything bad you do to anyone else will come back to you three times. They call this the “Law of Three.” Wiccans worship a Goddess and a God. They generally believe that all gods and goddesses from various cultures and mythologies are just different aspects of one ultimate Goddess and one ultimate God. Wicca is generally considered a feminine religion. Modern Wiccans are more likely to focus on the Goddess than the God. Some paths focus on the belief in male-female polarity, especially related to something called “the Great Rite.” This Rite is basically the sexual union of male and female – whether practiced as a genuine sex act or symbolically. In some circles there’s debate about how LGBT people fit into the whole polarity thing. LGBT folks tend to have both masculine and feminine polarities within, rather than being exclusively one or the other.
There are many paths within Wicca including Dianic Wicca, Gardnerian Wicca, and the Feri Tradition.
Dianic Wicca tends to be almost exclusively female and Goddess oriented and is a favorite of Lesbians and Feminists. Dianic Wicca was founded in the 1970s by Zsuzsanna Budapest. Its focus is on the worship of the Roman goddess Diana (Artemis in Greek mythology) and feminism. Unlike traditional Wicca that honors a god and a goddess, Dianic Wiccans view the Goddess as complete unto herself. She is the source of all life. Originally most Dianic covens consisted of Lesbian women, but modern Dianic groups may be heterosexual or mixed, but they remain a female-only tradition. Dianic covens often exclude Transgender people who were not born biological females.
Gardnerian Wicca was founded by was founded by Gerald Gardner in the 1950s. Gardner, was extremely homophobic and believed that covens and rituals should be performed exclusively through heterosexual male-female pairs.
The Feri Tradition emphasizes the “fey” (elves, fairies, etc.) and is open to all sexual orientations. They often encourage bisexuality during rituals. Faery Witch covens made up of Gay men have also been formed and are accepted in the Faery Witch tradition. Feri and Faery Witches should not be confused with the Radical Faeries which will be discussed in a later article.
Other Wiccan paths include Alexandrian, Celtic, Georgian, and Discordian Wicca. There are also Kitchen Witches and Hedge Witches.
Two must read texts on LGBT Wicca and Witchcraft are “Witchcraft and the Gay Counterculture” by Arthur Evans and “Gay Witchcraft” by Christpher Penczak.